So damage to the reefs and the structures on land was still fairly minimal oppose to say a category three hurricane. The hurricane produced light damage in the Outer Banks, primarily from flooding and high winds. … [129] An additional 10 municipalities were placed under the state of emergency on July 8. [134][135] In Texas, Governor Rick Perry activated the state's search and rescue capabilities in Laredo and San Antonio. �nFA�G3^T����py4�=G�f- s�e [39] In Monterrey, mandatory evacuations alongside the Santa Catarina River were ordered,[35] as well as the evacuation of 5,000 families in the highlands of the city. [65] Cuchillo Dam saw water inflows of 145,400 cu ft/s (4,118 m3/s). [89] 20,000 were considered total losses, most of them in Sabinas. Fourteen people were killed in Central America as a result of flooding during the first landfall of Alex. In Mexico, the storm's outer rainbands killed three people in Acapulco, one person in Oaxaca, and another in Chiapas. Governor of Texas Rick Perry declared a state of disaster in 19 counties and ordered the deployment of Texas Military Forces personnel (including 80 citizen-soldiers of the Texas State Guard Medical Brigade) to the Rio Grande Valley. International Boundary and Water Commission, Gateway to the Americas International Bridge, Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food, Confederation of National Chambers of Commerce, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, "Monterrey, la tercera mayor ciudad mexicana, colapsada por fuertes lluvias", "Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Alex", "Tropical Depression Special Advisory One", "Tropical Depression Special Discussion One", "Tropical Depression Alex Discussion Eight", "Tropical Depression Alex Discussion Nine", "Tropical Storm Alex Discussion Thirteen", "Tropical Storm Alex Discussion Fourteen", "Hurricane Alex Public Advisory Eighteen", "Reseña del huracán "Alex" del Océano Atlántico", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Hurricane Alex Intermediate Advisory Number 22A", "Tropical Storm Alex Intermediate Advisory Number 23A", "Tropical Depression Alex Discussion Number 26", "Tropical Depression One Special Discussion Number 1", "Tropical Depression One Tropical Cyclone Update", "Furia de "Alex" obliga a miles a dejar su hogar", "Anuncian Universidades de Monterrey suspensión de clases por "Alex, "Huracán Alex: Medidas de auxilio y normalización", "Lluvias dejan un muerto, 755 desplazados y 155 viviendas afectadas", "Un muerto 2 mil 840 desplazados y 568 viviendas afectadas por lluvias en RD", "Las lluvias provocan daños en todo el país", "Dominican Republic evacuates 3,000 in heavy rains", "Flash flood warning extended across Jamaica", "Alex strengthens into tropical storm, kills 10 in Nicaragua, Guatemala and El Salvador", "Hurricane Alex moves into Gulf of Mexico, will bypass BP spill area", "Cruz Roja Salvadoreña evacúo a personas afectadas por tormenta tropical Alex", "El Salvador: DGPC - Informe final de afectaciones por Tormenta Tropical Alex", "Guatemala: Boletín Informativo No. [133] In the months following the storm, a total of $4.8 billion (2010 MXN; US$375 million) was released by the federal and state governments to aid in the reconstruction of the disaster areas in Nuevo León and Tamaulipas. [44][45] In nearby San Juan de la Maguana, more than 500 homes were inundated. Some areas of the city were under 1 ft (0.30 m) of water,[60] forcing 4,000 people to shelters. In the case of the latter dam, the excess storage in Amistad Lake sparked fears of flooding in downstream municipalities, although the possibility of overtopping of the dam was discarded by the Mexican section of the International Boundary and Water Commission. High winds tip over storage tanks containing toxic chemicals, as happened during Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005. The CBO also estimates the annual cost to repair hurricane damage at $28 billion a year. [6], On June 24, a low-level circulation had gradually become better established to the south of Jamaica, although it was displaced from its poorly organized convection. The depression moved slowly northeast towards the coast of South Carolina and strengthened to become tropical storm … After entering the Gulf of Mexico, Alex became very large and encountered conditions favorable for gradual development. [4] The system moved through the Caribbean, and on June 21, it developed to the extent that the NHC assessed a 50% chance of development into a tropical depression within 48 hours. The overflow of the Rio Grande following water discharges from Nuevo León isolated two communities in Miguel Alemán. [89], The Secretaría de Gobernación declared a state of emergency in 21 of Nuevo León's 51 municipalities, freeing federal disaster funds for use in aid operations. The season was notable as one of the deadliest and most costly Atlantic hurricane seasons on record, with at least 3,132 deaths and roughly $50 billion (2004 US dollars) in damage. Alex is thus tied for the most intense June Atlantic hurricane on record overall. The highest reported sustained wind was of 51 mph (82 km/h) at the southeast tip of Port Isabel. In Coahuila, eight people died after a plane crashed while surveying the water discharges from dams in the state;[137] the Coahuila secretary of public works and the municipal president of Piedras Negras were among the victims. However, more significant damage was avoided as the bulk of the 4 feet (1.2 m) storm tide hit South Padre and Port Isabel at low tide. Some parts of the city received nearly 12 inches (300 mm) of rain over three days, causing scattered street flooding. [35] 60,000 people in San Fernando lost power,[37] as did all of Ciudad Victoria, the capital of the state. [157], As floodwaters receded from the Pesquería River in Escobedo, Nuevo León, the remnants of a 15,000-year-old mammoth were discovered by local residents. [24][30] Following the dissipation of Alex, divergence at the 200 mb atmospheric pressure level (approximately at 10 km (6.2 mi) of altitude), a ridge of high pressure located over southern Texas, and Alex's residual moisture interacted to produce intense convection over Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and Coahuila for the next 72 hours. [111] Preliminary estimates of the damage in the state rose to $10 billion (2010 MXN; US$762 million);[112] final damage estimates released on August 5 totaled $16.9 billion (2010 MXN; US$1.35 billion) statewide. [143] The standing water left following the rainfall caused concern of outbreaks of various diseases, including cholera. The troops enforced mandatory evacuations of 3,337 residents of San Fernando and Soto la Marina in Tamaulipas. [150] Following the storm's passage, PROFECO announced fines of up to $2.5 million (2010 MXN; US$191,000) to merchants guilty of price gouging when selling bottled water. Hurricane Alex brought many surprises to Ocracoke. This occurred after the agency received complaints of 1500% markups when compared to bottled water's pre-storm price. The first named storm of the 2010 Atlantic hurricane season, Alex strengthened to a hurricane before making landfall in northeastern Mexico. Approximately 600 people died in the storm in New England, most in Rhode Island , … [42], Prior to Alex making landfall, the Brownsville, Texas National Weather Service issued a flood watch for the southernmost region of the state. Hundreds of residents in Nueva Rosita and Sabinas were evacuated;[115] in the latter case, the Sabinas River flooded to become 980 ft (300 m) in width, causing 400–500 homes to go underwater. In the last day Alex has continued to develop a strong central mass of storm clouds rotating around a small eye and the National Hurricane Center has now designated it as a full blown hurricane. Alex moved slowly northwest, brushed the Outer Banks of North Carolina, and then moved quickly east-northeast and out to sea. However, the arrival of a strengthening Hurricane Alex likely forced the search parties to dock in secure ports until the storm passed. The highest tide since 1944! Originating from an area of disturbed weather on June 25, 2010, it slowly developed in the western Caribbean Sea and struck Belize as a strong tropical storm. [62] Overall, 3,500 families were affected by the storm in the state. [116] Some bridges on Mexican Federal Highway 57 were covered in water. Early on June 30, the cyclone attained hurricane status as it approached northeastern Mexico, the first June h… Alex is the first North Atlantic hurricane to exist in the month of January since Alice in 1955 and the first to actually form in the month of January since 1938. The weather system from which Hurricane Alex developed was first discernible as a disturbance in the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) on June 17, 2010. The Jamaica Meteorological Service issued a flash flood warning for its entire island in response to the tropical wave producing thunderstorms across the nation. [104] An explosion and fire occurred on a bridge in the Guadalupe municipality when a transformer fell on an old gas pipe. The remnants were identified and dated by personnel from the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia.[158]. [128] Approximately 500,000 people were affected by floods throughout northeastern Mexico.   Of that gain, 55% will be due to increased population density and development along U.S. coastlines. SYNOPTIC HISTORY. The Mexican government also issued a hurricane warning from the Rio Grande south to La Cruz. [18] At the same time, Alex was moving slowly off the northwest coast of the Yucatán Peninsula, and the environment's conditions became more favorable for intensification as the tropical storm tracked away from the coast. The flood damaged 1,000 homes, damaging urban infrastructure, power, water and telecommunication services; 500 people sought refuge in shelters. Heavy rainfall and … These average annual damage costs are expected to increase to $39 billion by 2075. The investigation that followed found that the wall had been built without structural enforcements, and that the torrential rainfall had weakened the wall's foundation. [126] Throughout Nuevo León, 60,000 people were evacuated from their homes. In a 2018 report, the World Health Organization laid out the scenarios that can unfold when a facility is built in a hurricane-prone area but lacks the strictest preparedness:. However, the valves on both ends of the pipeline section were closed, minimizing the leak over the river,[106] and the leak was not expected to adversely impact drinking water supplies in El Cuchillo Dam. These tornadoes caused mostly minor tree damage. 2025 0 obj <>stream Cars navigate through standing water on Highway 12, Aug. 4, 2004, in Avon, N.C., on the North Carolina Outer Banks. Pemex evacuated 66 personnel from oil rigs offshore of Tamaulipas and Veracruz,[57] Petrobras evacuated its oil rig in the Gulf, while Royal Dutch Shell evacuated 930 personnel from its rigs in the area. McAllen, Texas, measured 6.66 inches (169 mm) of rain on June 30, which now constitutes the city's wettest June day on record. [109][110] Additionally, Telefónica reported damage to its network in Monterrey and Saltillo, causing intermittent unavailability of telecommunication services. The center of Eta passed over Matecumbe Key around 11 p.m. Sunday, and residents reported little serious damage. Image credit: Newseum.org. [147] The damage to the road system paralyzed a route used by 40% of the trade between the United States and Mexico, as 22,000 trucks were stalled after damage to the Nuevo Laredo–Monterrey highway. Alex was the first Atlantic hurricane in the month of June since Hurricane Allison in 1995, and the strongest in terms of wind speed since Hurricane Alma in 1966. This activation was due to the flooding on the Rio Grande Valley, which was expected to worsen due to the approach of Tropical Depression Two to the area affected by Alex. [56] The National Emergency Management Organization of Belize reported that property damage in the country was minimal. [72] However, contingency plans were put in place to prepare for the crest of the Sabinas River, a tributary of the Rio Grande, and the subsequent crest on the Rio Grande itself, which was expected to carry at least 140,000 cu ft/s (4,000 m3/s)[72] due to additional inflows from other tributaries. [32] The news about this is in the main page, As Alex neared hurricane strength on the evening of June 28, a hurricane warning was issued for the coast of Texas south of Baffin Bay to the mouth of the Rio Grande. Its inner structure was initially disorganized,[12] although by late on June 26, it became better defined. [64], The storm's most significant effect in Northeastern Mexico was excessive rainfall, which was reported throughout the region. It is believed that the remains were carried from the state of Coahuila to Escobedo by the floodwaters. [130] A similar declaration was made for 8 municipalities in Oaxaca,[131] and for 14 municipalities in Tamaulipas;[132] the state of emergency in Tamaulipas was later expanded to 30 municipalities. [7] By 1800 UTC, a surface low-pressure area had formed about 105 miles (165 km) to the northeast of Cabo Gracias a Dios, Nicaragua, but due to a lack of persistent thunderstorm activity, it was not yet considered a tropical cyclone. Storm Alex entered the northwest of France last night after a process of explosive cyclogenesis. [100] 18 wells lost power, leaving 110,000 without water service in the municipalities of Santa Catarina and García. [105] A bridge on the Pilón River collapsed in Montemorelos, rupturing a 24-inch oil pipeline in the process. [124] In Houston, more rain fell on the first two days of July than the average rainfall for the entire month of July. However, deep convection persisted around the center. Damage was most evident in the Monterrey metropolitan area, which faced what Nuevo León governor Rodrigo Medina de la Cruz described as, "the worst weather phenomenon in its history. [65] In Nuevo León, an average of 9.5 in (242 mm) of rain was reported statewide up to July 1. After Alex had left southern Florida, Task Force 108 was tasked with defending Miami from invading NRF aircraft. Large amounts of precipitation fell throughout the Lower Rio Grande Valley, with 6 to 9 inches (150 to 230 mm) of rainfall recorded throughout the region. [74], The rainfall also caused Venustiano Carranza Dam in Coahuila to fill completely;[78] the large water pressure in the dam forced the dam's gates shut, and cranes were employed to open them. [153] In Nuevo León and Coahuila, most of the damage was to animal husbandry; in Nuevo León, 3,645 heads of cattle, 3,580 goats, 7,265 sheep and 194 horses were lost, while in Coahuila, 3,709 goats, 258 cattle and 56 sheep were killed. [66] Heavy flooding occurred along the Santa Catarina River in Monterrey, normally a dry river bed that flows into the Rio Grande, causing it to reach a record flow of 88,000 cu ft/s (2,500 m3/s). Despite the destruction caused by the storm, the name Alex was not retired, and was used again in the 2016 season. 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