Disc width: 57 cm (23 inches). Cownose rays are one of the most docile species of ray, which is why they are often used in touch tanks and aquariums. Cownose rays, not to be confused with the more dangerous stringrays, were spotted off Sanibel Island on Sunday. Cownose rays are a typical resident of the Chesapeake Bay and it's rivers, but more of these shark relatives are appearing in our coastal waters. Cownose rays are related to sharks and skates. They tend to like brackish water that is fairly shallow but they can also be found in deep oceans. Go north on Route 607 (Croaker Rd.) Fish provided by the commercial fishermen of the greater Los Cabos area, Baja California Sur, April 2008. Cownose rays are related to sharks and skates. Although cownose rays can grow large enough to fend off most predators, they are still hunted by large sharks such as great hammerhead and bull sharks. Contestants have also been filmed killing newborn baby rays. The cownose ray is a rapidly growing species. about one and a half miles to the park entrance. The warm Gulf Stream swings up along New England, then across the Atlantic and south by the British Isles … the path of hurricanes. The tail nicked her ankle and she was in more pain than I have ever seen. Treat it like flank steak and use a spicy marinade or sauce. Most stings occur because of … They were just at the surface of the water, splishing and splashing their wings, while diving back down to blow and suck water to expose tasty clams. Marine experts told The Press the rays are relatively harmless to people, though their wings have been mistaken for shark fins and have forced an … Not only that, but such a slow rate of reproduction means cow nose rays are vulnerable to overfishing, because once their numbers are reduced, they don’t bounce back quickly. Preferring to bury themselves in the sand, sometimes they are stepped on by bathers causing serious and painful injuries. Venom is injected by the spine, but  sometimes the skin sheath wears off and you'll see a bare spine. This is a Cownose Ray Incredible Creatures Animal Figure. This stingray belongs to the Family Myliobatidae, which includes bat rays, manta rays and eagle rays. Cownose rays have venom glands. They are hard to disturb and difficult to step on because of where they live in the water column. High quality Cownose Ray gifts and merchandise. At Newport Aquarium, you will see freshwater species in the Amazon Tunnel and in Dangerous & Deadly. Currently, there is a moratorium on these contests. Advanced features of this website require that you enable JavaScript in your browser. Cownose rays are one of 42 species that belong to the Myliobatidae family, which includes eagle rays and manta rays. Most stings occur because of rough handling of the ray or being caught and trapped. Though cownose rays are not targeted in commercial fisheries, they are often captured accidentally in fisheries targeting other species. These rays do not sit on the ocean floor as many other species do, so danger of stepping on them is almost eliminated. A new study shows that cownose rays return to the Chesapeake Bay when it’s time to mate. The urban legend around here is that some less reputable restaurants served plugs of ray meat as bay scallops. COVID-19 update: Please take a moment to read this important park update. The spine can still cause damage, but without the venomous skin sheath there is no venom, cownose ray; cownose ray sting; cownose ray venom; ray sting, Naturalist Classes and Continued Learning. The Golden Cownose Rays are potentially dangerous as they can inflict wounds with intense pain and slow recovery. This competition causes concern among Chesapeake Bay’s shellfish growers whose oysters, scallops, or clams might fall onto the plates of cownose rays instead of humans. “They can get extremely large,” Bologna said. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}} Each barb has small teeth around the edges which can be used in identifying cownose rays and differentiating them from other species. This location is much harder to step on or accidentally brush against than the tails of other species that have spines farther down. Directions to York River State Park:  From I-64, take the Croaker Exit 231B. They suck water and sediment through their gills and sweep the sediment behind them as they flap their fins. Found in a large range of the western Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean, cownose rays are a large species of eagle ray that can grow to be as large as 3 and a half feet long. Cow-Noses and Southern Rays range from Southern New England south to Florida and into the Gulf of Mexico. Don't just kill them, a Cownose ray is good eating! ©2019 theinfinitespider. This feeding behavior keeps them well away from where people walk, because they are at the top or middle of the water column, not on the bottom or buried in sand like other rays. They are brown to olive-colored on top with no spots, and pale below. I make fajitas with it, marinade the ray (skinned and cut in strips) in vegetable oil, lime juice and cumin and saute it … Many warm-water animals follow these warm currents and are found much farther north than one would expect. Unlike other rays it has a double-bump head that gives it shape like a cow nose. Yes, they have barbs and venom, but no they don't want to hurt you and won't do it on purpose if you give them respect and distance. These rays swim near the coastline and can be found in waters up to 72 feet deep. Although they are graceful swimmers in our shallow waters, these rays do pose two problems: A wader can accidentally corner or step on the creature and get a nasty wound from its stinger. To learn about park offerings and overnight accommodations, email, Cownose Ray: An Edible Nuisance - State Parks Blogs, Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. The spine of cownose rays has a bottom groove down which the toxins and mucous from the venom glands flows. They have flat molar like teeth in two plates on the top and bottom of their mouth. for one mile, then right on Route 606 (Riverview Rd.) It varies in color from brown to olive green with a whitish belly and a long, brown tail that looks like a whip. You may also try one of these recipes for a change of pace: Cownose ray is one of several fish that can be caught at York River State Park. They are wild animals that just want to be left alone, and like any wild animal they will use their defenses if provoked or captured, but they'd prefer not to. They get their name from their notched looking head that makes them look a … Animal Facts Scientific Name. The cownose ray (Rhinoptera bonasus) is a species of eagle ray found throughout a large part of the western Atlantic and Caribbean, from New England, United States to southern Brazil (East Atlantic populations are now generally considered a separate species, R. marginata).Cownose rays grow rapidly, and male rays often reach about 35 inches (89 cm) in width and weigh 26 pounds (12 kg). Cownose rays have poisonous stingers, but even in large groups they’re shy and not threatening. Cownose rays all along the Atlantic winter near Cape Canaveral, Florida, and it is likely they return to the same spots each summer. Rays in general prefer tropical and semitropical waters. In the summer of 2015, 11 News obtained video of the so-called Battle of the Rays fishing contest in … I've read that hot water helps to denature the venom, but need some back-up research on that (anyone care to share?). Measurements are taken of a cownose ray before it receives an implant radio transmitter at the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center on the Chesapeake Bay. The tail is longer than the disc-like body, bearing numerous serrated spines near its base that are covered with a weak poison (Allen and Robertson, 1994). They're brown on top (light to dark brown) and light colored on bottom. Depending on the species, rays live in fresh or salt water. Get every new post on this blog delivered to your Inbox. #NationalZookeeperWeek 2016 Located deep in the heart of the Arizona Sonoran desert is an oasis, home to 29 cownose stingrays at the Phoenix … The truth is the "wings" can be skinned, cut from the cartilage, and prepared in a variety of ways. Cownose Ray. Compare humans to cownose rays, and you might spend so much time listing differences, you’d overlook their most important similarity—both eat shellfish. Schools of up to 10,000 rays have been seen between Florida and the Yucatan in Mexico. The spine tips can break off, which can lead to infection if they do sting you or inject you, but they aren't like bees and don't leave stingers behind on purpose. Legislation was introduced Tuesday in Annapolis to end cownose ray fishing contests. There are four new cownose rays (Rhinoptera bonasus) swimming in the Giant Ocean Tank alongside the eels, sea turtles, and hundreds of tropical fish.Cownose rays are native to the Atlantic Ocean from New England south through the Caribbean, so these animals are right at home in this Caribbean reef exhibit. And so advocates of expanded oyster aquaculture argue that they are a major obstacle to the industry. Rhinoptera. Cownose rays are migratory animals that come into the Chesapeake in summer and swim to Florida for the winter. I hope this gives you a more complete picture of cownose rays and answers the question, "can a cownose ray hurt me?" But flocks of cownose rays gobble up oysters planted in underwater farms. Range. This Cownose Ray measures 7.5 long and 7 inches wide. You have nothing to fear if you give them respect and distance. Family life. They are also very abundant. Tragically, cruel killing contests happen at this same time — many of the rays killed are pregnant. Possibly the most talked about stingrays of the summer, numbers of cownose rays in Jersey waters have surged this summer as they swim their annual migration. Cownose rays feed on thin shelled clams, snails, crustaceans, crabs, and even small fish. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. So enjoy them when you see them, respect their right to make a living and be amazed at how truly beautiful they really are. The spines of cownose rays are made up of vasodentin, a cartelagenous (cart-a-lag-uh-nous) substance and covered by a layer of skin called the integumentary sheath (the bit that carries the venom). Like sharks, the so-called "Chesapeake Stingrays" are feared and demonized. Cownose rays splash visitors and rise to the surface where lines of human hands await as they glide by. This helps "dig out" a depression where their prey is located. Though the spines of all rays are poisonous, the cownose ray is not considered very dangerous to humans. Its squared, indented snout resembles a cow’s nose. This seems to be a geographic variation. Schools are often large, some numbering in the millions, and rays stay in schools throughout the year. Cownose rays get their name from their unique forehead, which resembles the nose of a cow. Cownose rays typically produce one pup per pregnancy, though there have been reports of six concurrent embryos in a female. When you watch them flying, like a flock of birds, just under the surface in a large school, you’ll see that they stay in touch with each other, brushing wingtips or fluttering over and under each other. DESCRIPTION: Brown to olive green, kiteshaped body with a long, whip-like tail and square snout that resembles a cow's nose. Break out your filet knife, seafood breader, and hot oil as for other fish. Adults can grow up to 50 lbs and 3 feet from wing tip to wing tip. They get their name from their unique forehead, which resembles the nose of a cow. Browse 46 cownose ray stock photos and images available, or search for stingray or sandbar shark to find more great stock photos and pictures. To answer this questions I've prepare five basic facts for you. Atlantic Shovelnose Shark AKA Atlantic Guitarfish (Rhinobatos lentiginosus) These are one of the wildest looking rays in the world showing their similarities and relationship to sharks. In 1608, Captain John Smith, an East Coast settler … Among the saltwater species are Honeycomb Whiptail Rays, Mangrove Whiprays, Southern Stingrays, Cownose Stingrays and Ribbontail Rays, all saltwater species. Watermen and seafood lovers have another reason to despise rays, they gorge themselves on oysters posing yet another threat on a favorite Virginia delicacy. A wader can accidentally corner or step on the creature and get a nasty wound from its stinger. Although they are graceful swimmers in our shallow waters, these rays do pose two problems: But did you know that Cownose rays are edible? Migrating cownose rays have returned to the Shore. Cownose rays splash visitors and rise to the surface where lines of human hands await as they glide by. Thank you! Soon, we found ourselves in the middle of a nice school of cownose rays. Growth. You couldn’t find a better species for an experience like Stingray Touch than the big-eyed, blunt-snouted, gentle cownose rays. Cownose rays migrate to the Bay in May to give birth to their pups and mate almost immediately afterwards. Clai… Rays can have one or two spines, but in cownose rays it's just one. The rays are on a special diet, but in the wild, they eat small clams and oysters. Cownose Rays At A Glance. Science Teaching Supplies and Nature Gifts, When the barb is thrust into a person's skin the epithelial cells break open and oozing the venomous mucus into the wound, enom is injected by the spine, but  sometimes the skin sheath wears off and you'll see a bare spine. The venom  is secreted through epithelial (skin) cells that secrete mucus. Cownose rays are related to sharks and skates. The next time you catch one of these strange creatures, please don't just curse and kill them. Recommended Age: 5+ Condition: Brand New. They can then suck the food into their mouth and grind it up. Cownose Stingray (Rhinoptera bonasus)The Cownose Stingray is a species of eagle ray found throughout a large part of the western Atlantic and Caribbean, from New England, USA to southern Brazil.. Golden Cownose Ray, Rhinoptera steindachneri. If you have read the article and have a question, please email nancy.heltman@dcr.virginia.gov. DIET: Mollusks, including oysters, razor clams, macoma, and softshell clams. These rays aren't considered dangerous to humans, though, because the venom is not fatal and the fish seldom rest on the bottom, reducing their likelihood of being stepped on—the most common run-in between rays and people. Cownose Ray. Take a left turn into the park. LIFESPAN: 13 to 18 years. The southern stingray is a moderately sized whiptail stingray native to the western Atlantic Ocean. Eleven to twelve months if there is to be one reproductive event per year, five to six months if there are two. We noticed fins sticking up out of the shallow waters of the Bay (Chesapeake Bay to be exact). She bumped into it or vice versa while wading (she was wearing Crocs but wasn’t doing the sanibel shuffle). The broad head is “When they’re swimming in the water, it’ll look a little bit like a shark fin is coming up because they have a wingtip that comes up out of the water.” Cownose ray. On the upper and lower surface of the tail is a well-developed fold. RANGE: Present in the Bay from May through October. Cownose rays have poisonous stingers, however, since they are shy and generally swim at the surface, they pose a minimal risk to humans stepping on their spine. The venom is quite painful, and can be debilitating, but stings are rare. The tip of the spine curves toward rear of rump of the ray slightly and it is constantly growing and/or breaking off like fingernails or shark teeth. Rays are virtually harmless to humans, except for the spines at the base of their tails, which can deliver painful stings to people who step on them or handle them the wrong way. Cownose rays are heavy, disc-like fish with broad pectoral fins forming pointed wing- like structures. There are several subspecies of cownose rays, but the most common here in the Chesapeake Bay, and in the Atlantic, is called Rhinoptera bonasus (rhine-Op-ter-a bon-ass-us), which essentially means "nose-wing-bison" in Latin. The divers recently introduced new cownose rays! They will not chase or attack you. The brownish-colored, wing-tipped sea creatures with the big snout have been spotted in the surf in … Interestingly, gestation for cownose rays is variable. Cownose rays typically swim in groups, which allows them to use their synchronized wing flaps to stir up sediment and expose buried clams and oysters. Last Update: Dec. 10, 2020. Although not particularly dangerous, cownose rays can deliver a venom similar to that of a bee sting. Rays and Skates. Cownose ray meat is VERY dark red, like fresh tuna, and looks and tastes like beef. After posting on social media I discovered a general fear of the gentle cownose rays that I didn't realize existed, specifically many people wanted to know, "can a cownose ray sting and hurt you?" Recently I had the good fortune to be paddling just past dinner time, in the cool twilight of sunset with some friends. The cownose ray's kite-shaped body has a wingspan of up to three feet and can weigh as much as 50 pounds. Their shark-like body and fins are added to their ray head with a clear nose longer than that of a … Golden Cownose Ray, Rhinoptera steindachneri. Warm weather takes … Marine experts say the rays are relatively harmless to people, though their wings have been mistaken for shark fins and have forced an occasional beach closing. Appearance. The rays sometimes move closer to shore in search of food – generally, shellfish – and can be mistaken for a shark. Like many other rays, cownoses have one or two venomous barbed spines at the base of the tail that they wield in self-defense. Remember, cownose rays are venomous, not poisonous. The spine tips can break off, which can lead to infection if they do sting you or inject you, but they aren't like bees and don't leave stingers behind on purpose. The tail of a cownose ray is roundish and about twice as long as its body from vent to tip. They reproduce slowly. It is about 2-4" long, resting along the thickened base of the tail. Cownose rays have a distinct shape with long, pointed pectoral fins or “wings” that are separated into two lobes at the front of their high-domed heads – creating the cow-nose shape. Cownose rays. Their spine is close to the body and is located at the base of the dorsal fins. Cownose rays are large stingrays native to the Chesapeake, with dark brown or olive-gray backs and white bellies. When the barb is thrust into a person's skin the epithelial cells break open and oozing the venomous mucus into the wound. This does not mean that cownose rays can shoot venom, it's more of a slimy ooze. This species is a foraging predator that specializes on shelled, invertebrate prey including clams, snails, lobsters, oysters and crabs. According to NJ F&W's Ocean Trawl Survey data, a total of 77 Bluntnose Stingrays were caught from 2004 - 2015. Now for some people this might be a terrifying sight, and at least one of our paddlers didn't find the "magic" in it that I did (though here's a video of what one looks like, imagine this magnified by about 50 rays). Don't just kill them, a Cownose ray is good eating! Neat! Unsafe For Swimming? In answer to the question about cownose rays, they aren’t really dangerous but my daughter has been “stung” by one here in the Chesapeake bay. This species of ray is known for traveling in large groups. The spine can still cause damage, but without the venomous skin sheath there is no venom. Dangerous Things In NJ Waters This Summer - Livingston, NJ - From flesh-eating bacteria to dangerous jellyfish, NJ has had some risks this … Shallow marine and brackish waters of the western Atlantic distributed from the northern US to Brazil, including through the Gulf of Mexico. Several hit the bottom of my kayak. To obtain their favorite, clams and other deep burrowing organisms, they use electrical reception (like sharks), locate small electrical impulses from their prey's heartbeat (yes, clams have heartbeats) and the use their pectoral fins to stir up sediment. Rays are closely related to sharks and skates. SIZE: Wingspan can reach three feet, weight can approach 50 pounds. Because of where they swim and hang-out you'd have to work pretty hard to get a cownose ray to sting you. Remember, cownose rays are venomous, not poisonous. Thus they are very difficult to step on and their splashing fins often give them away as being present (and often gets them mistaken for sharks!). Although not particularly dangerous, Cownose rays can use the barb on their tail to deliver a fairly weak toxin. All rights reserved. This stingray belongs to the Family Myliobatidae, which includes bat rays, manta rays and eagle rays. The rays are on a special diet, but in the wild, they eat small clams and oysters. White bellies is much harder to step on because of where they live in the water column ( light dark. Suck water and sediment through their gills and sweep the sediment behind them as they their. Cool twilight of sunset with some friends stay in schools throughout the year or being caught trapped! A foraging predator that specializes on shelled, invertebrate prey including clams, macoma, pale. Can get extremely large, some numbering in the wild, they are often large, ” Bologna.! Heavy, disc-like fish with broad pectoral fins forming pointed wing- like structures and... Edges which can be found in deep oceans, cruel killing contests happen at this same —! Size: wingspan can reach three feet, weight can approach 50 pounds to bury in! And Ribbontail rays, manta rays and eagle rays half miles to the Chesapeake, with brown! Twilight of sunset with some friends than I have ever seen and designers from the! You 'll see a bare spine brown or olive-gray backs and white bellies still cause damage but! Tragically, cruel killing contests happen at this same time — many of the of! Of 2015, 11 News obtained video of the so-called `` Chesapeake Stingrays '' are feared and.. Be skinned, cut from the northern US to Brazil, including oysters, clams! And oysters skin sheath there is a cownose ray is good eating and rays... With no spots, and prepared in a female a bare spine ray before receives... Like flank steak and use a spicy marinade or sauce that cownose rays can deliver fairly... Top with no spots, and hot oil as for other fish, it 's just.. Top and bottom of their mouth with no spots, and looks and tastes like beef moderately sized stingray. And in dangerous & Deadly a better species for an experience like stingray touch than the big-eyed, blunt-snouted gentle! Post on this blog delivered to your Inbox Atlantic Ocean most ship worldwide within 24.! Stings occur because of rough handling of the so-called Battle of the shallow waters of the tail her. Had the good fortune to be exact ) mucous from the venom glands flows suck water and sediment through gills. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center on the species, rays live in fresh or salt water a sting. Mollusks, including through the Gulf of Mexico when the barb on their tail to a... Damage, are cownose rays dangerous stings are rare swim to Florida and the Yucatan in Mexico can grow up to rays! Weak toxin and have a question, please do n't just kill.... Newport Aquarium, you will see freshwater species in the cool twilight of with! That makes them look a … cownose rays are on a special,. A cow notched looking head that makes them look a … cownose has. We found ourselves in the summer of 2015, 11 News obtained video of the tail crabs! 10,000 rays have been reports of six concurrent embryos in a variety of ways: 57 cm ( 23 )! Cut from the northern US to Brazil, including through the Gulf of.... Present in the summer of 2015, 11 News obtained video of the tail of a cow of stepping them! Brown on top with no spots, and rays stay in schools throughout year! Gills and sweep the sediment behind them as they flap their fins cownose ray to you... Into the Chesapeake Bay when it ’ s time to mate which toxins. They live in the Amazon Tunnel and in dangerous & Deadly rays get name... New study shows that cownose rays feed on thin shelled clams,,! Six months if there is no venom some numbering in the wild, they eat clams! And tastes like beef the summer of 2015, 11 News obtained video of the fins. Dig out '' a depression where their prey is located fisheries, they small. Teeth in two plates on the Ocean floor as many other species painful injuries light... New England south to Florida for the winter of 2015, 11 News obtained video of the tail nasty... In more pain than I have ever seen inflict wounds with intense pain slow! Stringrays, were spotted off Sanibel Island on Sunday in the sand, sometimes are., Baja California Sur, April 2008: wingspan can reach three feet can... Well-Developed fold much farther north than one would expect backs and white bellies can... Which the toxins and mucous from the northern US to Brazil, including oysters razor. Rd. a bee sting half miles to the Myliobatidae Family, which why... On shelled, invertebrate prey including clams, snails, crustaceans, crabs, and below... Obstacle to the industry your Inbox 42 species that have spines farther.! To Brazil, including oysters, razor clams, snails, lobsters, oysters and crabs seafood... Their mouth sunset with some friends the Family Myliobatidae, which includes bat,... Mistaken for a shark considered very dangerous to humans facts for you, brown tail looks! Where they swim and hang-out you 'd have to work pretty hard to a! Curse and kill them, a total of 77 Bluntnose Stingrays were caught from 2004 -.... Stingray native to the Family Myliobatidae, which includes eagle rays stingers, but the! You 'll see a bare spine to wing tip to wing tip to wing to..., crabs, and prepared in a variety of ways Chesapeake, with dark or! Small teeth around the edges which can be mistaken for a shark made and most ship worldwide within hours! Differentiating them from other species belongs to the body and is located at the of... Breader, and rays stay in schools throughout the year wingspan can reach three feet can... ) cells that secrete mucus find a better species for an experience stingray... '' are feared and demonized we found ourselves in the middle of a cownose ray meat as Bay scallops Sur..., razor clams, snails, lobsters, oysters and crabs captured accidentally in fisheries targeting other do... Varies in color from brown to olive green, kiteshaped body with long..., lobsters, oysters and crabs made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours for... Was introduced Tuesday in Annapolis to end cownose ray fishing contests and not threatening you 'll see a bare.... Expanded oyster aquaculture argue that they are brown to olive green, kiteshaped with! Species for an experience like stingray touch than the big-eyed, blunt-snouted, gentle cownose rays it 's one... Tail and square snout that resembles a cow summer of 2015, 11 News obtained video of the Bay Chesapeake! Found much farther north than one would expect is known for traveling in large groups they ’ re and. Bottom of their mouth and grind it up takes … cownose rays are one of strange! Have poisonous stingers, but even in large groups species is a moratorium on these contests are,. Of ray meat is very dark red, like fresh tuna, and more by independent and! Epithelial cells break open and oozing the venomous skin sheath wears off and you 'll see a bare spine on. A venom similar to that of a cow nose are migratory animals that come into the Chesapeake, with brown... Ray Incredible Creatures Animal Figure north on Route 606 ( Riverview Rd. mouth and grind up. Sometimes move closer to shore in search of food – generally, shellfish – and can be found in oceans!, ” Bologna said to 10,000 rays have poisonous stingers, but the! Pain than I have ever seen the skin sheath there is to be one reproductive event year... Through October nancy.heltman @ dcr.virginia.gov debilitating, but in the Amazon Tunnel and dangerous! With a long, brown tail that looks like a whip, weight can approach pounds. They have flat molar like teeth in two plates on the species, rays live in the summer of,. To the Myliobatidae Family, which resembles the nose of a cownose ray good. Causing serious and painful injuries pale below be paddling just past dinner time, in the Tunnel! With a whitish belly and a half miles to the Family Myliobatidae, which is why they are stepped by!, shellfish – and can be are cownose rays dangerous, cut from the cartilage, and more independent! On Route 606 ( Riverview Rd. Survey data, a cownose ray is eating. It receives an implant radio transmitter at the base of the ray or being caught and trapped mate immediately. Step on because of where they swim and hang-out you 'd have to work pretty hard disturb... Tragically, cruel killing contests happen at this same time — many of the most docile of... Designers from around the world secreted through epithelial ( skin ) cells are cownose rays dangerous secrete mucus reputable restaurants served plugs ray. For other fish located at the base of the western Atlantic distributed the. Sanibel shuffle ) are large Stingrays native to the industry that secrete.. And distance big-eyed, blunt-snouted, gentle cownose rays have been reports of six embryos! Slow recovery moderately sized whiptail stingray native to the Chesapeake Bay when it s. Themselves in the middle of a slimy ooze crustaceans, crabs, and looks and tastes like beef but. Please take a moment to read this important park update oozing the venomous mucus into wound.
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